India has a great history since ages; it includes all the epic events that happened on this auspicious land of Asian continent. It includes events like Ramayana, Mahabharata. Mogul rulers, Portuguese, French and the British rule and many foreigners ruled for years here. India was once known as “Golden Bird” that is very rich country, but as it was ruled and invaded by many foreigners, it lost much wealth and most importantly “Freedom”. The Indians struggled for independence from many decades and by many efforts of national heroes India achieved independence in 1947. But some important events that took place while going through this struggle and finally achieving success are unforgettable.
10. India becomes 6th country to send unmanned space craft to moon.
India’s first unmanned lunar probe- Chandrayaan-1 was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization in October 2008, and operated until August 2009. The mission included a lunar orbiter and an impactor. India launched the spacecraft using a PSLV-XL rocket, serial number C11, on 22 October 2008 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, about 80 km north of Chennai. Former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced the project on course in his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2003. The mission was a major boost to India’s space program, as India researched and developed its own technology in order to explore the Moon. The vehicle was successfully inserted into lunar orbit on 8 November 2008.
9. Partition of India & Pakistan (1947).
It was a very hard for congress to take this decision. Mahatma Gandhi never wanted India to be divided in two parts on the base of religions that is Hindu and Muslim but Jinnah didn’t agree and had great demands. It was the event after independence were people were killing each other due to religion difference and so mahatma Gandhi had to take this decision of partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 and so we have Independence Day of Pakistan on 14th august and that of India on 15th august. This also led to the dispute of Kashmir between the two countries on which still both the countries are fighting.
8. India declares independence, yeah, yeah.
Independence Day, observed annually on 15 August, is a national holiday in India commemorating the nation’s independence from Kingdom of Great Britain [Commonly known as United Kingdom] on 15 August 1947. India attained independence by various acts and protests. The main among them were nonviolence movement and civil disobedient movement led by Indian congress leaders.
7. Simon Commission
The Indian Statutory Commission was a group of seven British Members of Parliament of United Kingdom that had been dispatched to India in 1928 to study constitutional reform in Britain’s most important colonial dependency. It was commonly referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman, Sir John Simon. Almost immediately with its arrival in Bombay on February 3, 1928, the Simon Commission was confronted by throngs of protesters. The entire country started a strike, and many people turned out to greet the Commission with black flags. Similar protests occurred in every major Indian city that the seven British MPs visited. The famous slogan “go back Simon” became very popular.
6.Prohibition of Sati.
Sati is the traditional Hindu practice of a widow immolating herself on her husband’s funeral pyre. Without the widow’s consent, she had to get burned with her dead husband. The ritual of Sati was banned by the British Government in 1829. However, it took a large scale social reforms by Dayanand Saraswati(of Arya Samaj), Mahatma Gandhi and the will to actually stop the practice.
5. Framing of Constitution (1950).
Our constitution is a well written one and framed by our leaders from which the main leader was Dr. Baba saheb Ambedkar. India is known for its world’s biggest democracy. This constitution was set into force from 26th January, 1950. This was really an auspicious day for all Indians which made us proud and by which we still survive as one country in this whole diverse cultures and religions. The Indian constitution keeps us together and that’s what we respect about it.
4. Murder of M.K GANDHI.
“If I’m to die by the bullet of a mad man, I must do so smiling. God must be in my heart and on my lips. And if anything happens, you are not to shed a single tear.”— Gandhiji, January 28, 1948.
Violent incidents took place in Pune, the hometown of Nathuram Godse. Violent incidents occurred in other parts of India as well. The world was in shock with this incident. India lost its father on 30 jan 1948.
3. Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India, shot dead.
Indira Gandhi, the 3rd Prime Minister of India, was assassinated at 9:20 AM on 31 October 1984, at her Safdarjung Road, New Delhi residence. She was killed by two of her bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh. The world again went to shock with this news. Instant attacks were placed on Sikhs in Delhi. The aftermath of this incident was the 1984 assault on the Golden Temple in Amritsar which left the temple heavily damaged.
2.Battle of Plassey.
British troops in the service of the East India Company defeated the French and the Indians who support the French troops. As a result, British power and the power of the EIC expanded dramatically. Today, Plassey is judged to be one of the pivotal battles leading to the eventual formation of the British Empire in India.
1. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre by British.
JALLIANVALA BAGH MASSACRE, involved the killing of hundreds of unarmed, defenseless Indians by a senior British military officer. It took place on 13 April 1919 in the heart of Amritsar, the holiest city of the Sikhs, on a day sacred to them as the birth anniversary of the Khalsa. Jallianwala Bagh was the garden belonging to the Jalla. Thus, deriving its name from the owners of this piece of land. This event is one of the cruelest thing happened to the Indians.