Are you an ardent watcher of the Discovery channel or the National Geographic channel? Well personally speaking, I am a die-hard fan of watching beautiful creatures filmed over the reels reflecting their way of survival, habitats and adaptations. The ecosystems would have been lack-luster ones without these beautifully elegant creatures co-surviving along with us. One such marvels of the nature are the limbless scaly elongated reptiles, the very popular snakes! Although these creatures are no doubt one of the very beautiful ones with their glossy colorful scales, slithering movement and sensible responses, the world hardly knows them for their beauty! These snakes are infamous for their dreadful bites with some species injecting grievous neurotoxic and haemotoxic venoms which can’t really be marked as a testimony of their magnanimity. Snakes never intent to attack humans willingly but it doesn’t change the fact that they are the most venomous and dangerous creatures in the world. Snakes do reciprocate the humans in fear and as a matter of fact use these venomous bites as part of their defense mechanism, when disturbed. Brace yourselves readers! Here is the list of Top 10 Most poisonous snakes in the world!
The rattlesnakes easily identifiable by the presence of rattles at the end of their tails have credited the 10th spot on the list. Basically their venom is a haemotoxin which can destroy tissues, degenerate organs and cause blood clotting. The hardcore American snake can make you difficulties in breathing, paralysed and drool with massive hemorrhaging effect. If untreated the snakebites can be very fatal or even make the victim lose the affected limb. Rattlesnakes belong to the Pit Viper family with the Eastern Diamondjack being the most venomous of the species. Well, if you get bitten by a Rattlesnake, then just keep calm and ask a medical practitioner to give you the antivenin! And there you go you are fine!
9. Death Adder
The name speaks tons! Isn’t it? The reptile has its home back in Australia (eastern coast), New Guinea and nearby islands. These snakes have their peculiar way of tracking prey down. They keep lurking beneath the leaf bedding and small twigs until the right moment to latch on to their prey and deliver the fastest of strikes thus injecting one of the powerful neurotoxins. A Death Adder can go from strike position to striking and back again within 0.13 of a second injecting around 40-100mg of venom with an LD of 0.4mg-0.5mg/kg. Death Adders do even attack other snakes while in ambush. Antivenin is very successful in treating a bite from a Death Adder, particularly due to the relatively slow progression of symptoms.
8. Philippine Cobra
Cobras are the most generalized species of snakes that are regarded as poisonous. The list do contains creatures far more dangerous and poisonous than common cobras but this ‘guy’ here will impress you. The Philippine cobra can spit its neurotoxic venom as far as 3 meters to reach its target which can cause respiratory and cardiac functions to tumble and eventually respiratory paralysis to death. The cobra which is usually found in Luxon, Mindoro, Catanduanes and Masbate Islands of Philippines attacks only when you offend its integrity or family!
7. Tiger Snake
Here’s the mighty Tiger snake all the way from Australia making it next on our list. The name derived mostly because of its striking similarity to a tiger, the snake possesses potent pre-synaptic neurotoxins which cause progressive paralysis and muscle weakness. The Tiger snake usually preys on small mammals, frogs and rodents and will generally flee if encountered. But don’t be fool to tease or tame the creature beyond which its bite can make u reach your death within 6-24 hours if untreated. Symptoms can include localized pain in the foot and neck region, tingling, numbness and sweating, followed by a fairly rapid onset of breathing difficulties and paralysis. The Tiger snakes are protected species in the Australian territory.
6. Belcher’s Sea snake
The faint banded or the Belcher’s sea snake is believed to be the most poisonous of aquatic snakes with few milligrams of its venom capable of killing three large Asian elephants plus many fully grown healthy men. But you would be astonished and equally inclined to respect the meekness of the snake as it doesn’t inject venom in one-fourth of its bites! Mostly found in the waters of the Indian Ocean, Gulf of Thailand, Australia, Solomon Islands and Northern Queensland, the Belcher’s sea snake mildly attacks the fishermen who usually encounter them while pulling off the fishing nets.
5. African Black Mamba
Ah here’s my personal favourite! Although 5th on our list, the African Black Mamba is one of the most devilish snakes in the world. The longest snake in Africa reaching up to 4.5 meters also holds the reputation of being the fastest terrestrial snake in the world clocking even 20kms per hour. These fearsome snakes can strike up to 12 times in a row and a single bite is capable of killing anywhere from 10-25 adults.The initial symptom of the bite is local pain in the bite area. The victim then experiences a tingling sensation in the mouth and extremities, double vision, tunnel vision, severe confusion, fever, excessive salivation (including foaming of the mouth and nose) and pronounced ataxia (lack of muscle control). Before the intervention of antivenin the fatality rate due Mamba bites was cent percent. There are many folk tales and stories regarding the infamous Black Mamba’s kiss of death in natives of Savannas and south-eastern Africa.
4. Coastal Taipan
The Australian species are ruling our list today! Here is the Coastal Taipan considered one of the most deadliest snakes of the world with its fangs being larger than any other Australian snake ranging up to 13 centimeters. It injects 120mg of its haemotoxic venom which is capable of 12,000 Guinea pigs. The Coastal Taipan is also known as eastern Taipan and hence, is found all along the coast of Australia, Queensland and the island of New Guinea. The snake which is found to be morphologically and ecologically similar to the Black Mamba generally acquires abandoned animal burrows, discarded trash and sugarcane windrows.
3. The Blue Krait
The Blue Krait is the most dangerous species among Kraits with 50% of bites being fatal even after the administration of antivenin. The nocturnal breed which are mainly found throughout South east Asia and Indonesia hunt down rodents, other snakes and even cannibalize other Kraits under the shroud of darkness. The venom is a neurotoxin, 16 times more potent than that of a Cobra and quickly induces muscle paralysis by preventing the ability of nerve endings to properly release the chemical that sends the message to the next nerve. The bites are lethal that even after treating with antivenin there are chances of prolonged coma and brain death. Fortunately, the bites are less frequent due to their nocturnal nature.
2. Eastern Brown Snake
The gentle looking Eastern brown snake is the next on our list and cited as the second most venomous land snake in the world. And yet again, these venom masters are found in the populated areas of Australia. The fierce snake inhabits the black plain soil in the Channel country of south-western Queensland and north-eastern South Australia. The Eastern Brown snakes are usually calm and do not bite but tend to lose their temper way too easily. Astonishingly, 1/14,000 of an ounce of its venom is enough to kill an adult human. These snakes react to the movement, became aggressive when tamed and chase down the target to strike it continuously. So, just keep calm, stand still and act accordingly when you encounter this devil.
So the number one our list, the most venomous snake in the world is indeed the Inland Taipan. The nature has always been fair and equal to all with this Australian snake being the live example of it. The most venomous snake of the world is very shy and reclusive and thus the human encounters recorded are very less. Also known as the small-scaled snake or Fierce snake has venom which can pin down hundreds of men with one bite. The diet of Inland Taipan is solely composed of rodents, small mammals and birds. The prey is subdued with a series of seven venomous bites in a single attack after which the small-scaled serpent wait for its diet to die. I am sure you would never want to disturb the Lord of venoms!
So here were the top 10 most venomous snakes around the world! If ever you do encounter them, make sure they don’t bite you!