It is believed that life originated in water in the form of blue –green algae and since then it is the habitat of large variety of plants and animals. Water is the major and important constituent of plant and animal bodies and act as an important medium for the activities of living organisms. Although water is present in abundance on earth surface but not all of it is fit for human consumption. Out of total water present on earth, in the form of oceans, seas, glaciers, ice caps, ground water, rivers or lakes, only 3% of this water is fresh water which is good for human use. So despite being present in abundance, water is scarce. On the top of this the amount of readily available and useable water on earth is decreasing alarmingly. Certain human activities such as deforestation, large scale construction, an industrial growth increase in human population etc. have lead to acute shortage of water. Since water is precious as it supports life on earth as well as is required for everyday activities, there is an urgent need to save water. Better management of water resources can conserve water and may help in replenishing the lost water resources. The need of the hour is that every person should make attempt to save water at their own level. Here are a few tips to save water. A few of them are not at the large scale but taking care of the small things will automatically help larger things to fall into place.
Water is not only wasted but wasted stupidly. During festivals, pool parties or rain dance parties, water is used without any necessity but only for fun. Before using even a single drop of water think at least thrice do you really need to use it? Can’t it work without it? Remember there are many people on Earth who have not had water since last two days. Every year around 40 million L of water is wasted, in such celebrations, which is enough for whole of America to be used for single day. Avoiding the misuse of water can save a lot of water.
9. Control population
Due to increase in population, the demand of water has increased whereas its availability has decreased. Increasing population demands increase in agricultural production. Since the distribution of rainfall across the world is uneven neither it is same every year. Therefore, farmers use ground water for irrigating their crops causing a decrease in water table. Moreover, the increase in population is directly proportional to deforestation as more land is required to accommodate more people. Control over population will check these factors and can help in sufficient restoration of water resources.
8. Check the little things at home
Since alot of water is needed to do the household chore so there is alot you can do at home to save water. Some of the methods are:
i) Make sure you have a full load of clothes before washing. This can save a lot of water. But make sure you are not washing clothes unnecessarily. Choose your washing machine wisely as front loaders use less water than top loaders.
ii) Water your garden at night as this will give enough time to soil to soak maximum water. It will help in recharging the ground water too.
iii) Cover up your swimming pool to prevent evaporation as you may require to refill your pool frequently.
iv) Make it a point to have shorter showers to save water.
v) You can think about washing your car in the lawn as it will serve dual purposes of washing the car and watering the lawn.
7. Avoid adding to waste water
We use water in our daily life for various purposes like bathing, washing clothes, in toilets etc. All these activities produce a lot of waste water which is dirty and contains impurities and is not good for use. We can try reducing the quantity of waste water being produced in our homes and can play an active role in waste water management and maintaining a clean and healthy surrounding. It wiil be a great help in reducing water usage. It can be done in the following ways:
i) Use salty water from RO(s) or collect water from air conditioners to be later used in washing or cleaning.
ii) Do not throw solids like food, leaves, cotton, polythene bag etc. in the drain. It chokes the drain.
iii) Do not throw cooking oil in drain ever. It can block the pipes of entire sewage system.
iv) Do not throw chemicals like paints, medicines, engine oil etc. in the drain. These chemicals kill micro organisms present in the sewage which help to purify water.
6. Water saving products
Keeping in mind the issue of water scarcity, science and technology has developed many water saving products. These modern products are better than conventional systems when it comes to using the water judiciously. Like one of the product is Fluid Conservation system which is installed on pipe- fittings that continuously monitor and detect leak in the pipeline, or Auto Taps which are attached to existing faucets which sense the presence of your hand and prevent water wastage.
5. Save water in your office
If you can do save water at home, you can definitely do it in office. Here are a few tips that can work in office:
i) Create a suggestion and incentives system at your organization to recognize water-saving ideas.
ii) Include a water-saving tip in your employee newsletter featuring how much water can be saved with each action to educate employees on good water habits.
iii) Shut off water to unused areas of your facility to eliminate waste from leaks or unmonitored use.
iv) Wash company vehicles at commercial car washers that recycle water. Wash them as needed rather than on a schedule. Stretch out the time in between washes.
4. Reuse water often
We should put efforts in reusing water as water is fit for use in some activities even after multiple use. Here are a few tips to reuse water:
i) Reuse the water which was once used for washing clothes to wash vehicles.
ii) Aquarium water can act as a natural liquid fertilizer.
iii) Water which was used to wash utensils can be reused to wash floors and clean house.
iv) Water from washing fruits and vegetables can be used to wash utensils.
v) The water used to final rinse utensils can be used to water plants.
vi) Water that has been used in showers, bathtubs can be used to clean garden.
3. Avoid unnecessary usage of water
There is a lot of scope of avoiding unnecessary usage of water in day to day life during domestic activities. We should adopt the following measures to conserve water:
i) Water the plants with a mug instead of using a pipe.
ii) Turn off the tap while brushing teeth. It saves a lot of water.
iii) Get the broken or leaking taps and pipes repaired or replaced immediately.
iv) Use mug and bucket instead of shower to take a bath.
v) Use a wet cloth to wipe floor instead of washing it every day.
vi) Use half flush in toilets to dispose of liquid waste.
vii) Send your car to car wash instead of washing it at home.
viii) While washing dishes, avoid using running tap water; instead use a separate water-filled utensil to rinse dishes.
ix) Install an instant water heater near your kitchen sink so you don’t have to run the water while it heats up. This also reduces energy costs.
2. Plant trees
Deforestation has caused a sharp decrease in rainfall. Trees and plants help to increase the water vapor in air, which in turn, results in more rainfall. Trees also hold water in the soil and help in increasing the water table. Therefore all possible measures should be taken to prevent felling of trees. Moreover, one must make an attempt to plant more trees. You can begin by planting saplings in a pot in your home and later move to open space in or around your locality. This will help in increasing the area for seepage of water into the ground and purify the air.
1. Rain water harvesting
Rain water is the primary source of water and supports all other sources of water. But a lot of rain water gets wasted as it runs down the roads and roof tops and becomes dirty becoming the part of sewage. A lot of problems of water scarcity can be solved if we could save the rain water from being wasted away. The rain water should not be allowed to flow into drains, instead of that it should be collected in underground tanks and allowed to seep through the soil. This will replenish the ground water. Rain water can also be collected in open tanks and used for daily needs.