Historical studies and events have been a subject of scrutiny for centuries. The speculations of the what-ifs in history are inseparable for any one enthusiastic about the course that the timeline of mankind has taken. And although over the course of time there have been many events which have influenced the path history has taken some stand above the others in the impact that they have caused and the gravity of what-ifs associated with the alternate these events possess.
It’s almost incredible how such events which are almost blips in earth time have affected the succeeding events and the kind of lives people across the globe are leading. The contemporary writing in the philosophy of history concludes that most of the major events that have been deemed radical and hailed for the major changes in the course of history and in effect not radical at all but rather a culmination of factors from the kind of society that period exhibits to the economic conditions of the previous age, that leads to the one plausible effect, this is if we ignore the crucial and critical battles and war time strategies which have more than often governed history of various ethnic groups across the world. Here’s a list of top ten historical moments that have changed the world and how we perceive time and history all together.
10. Persia defeated in Greeko-Persian war.
Greeko-Persian war was the first east-west conflict in history. It was not merely a conflict of means but rather a conflict of ideology. Greek colonies although segregated came together under the leadership of Athens to defend the Greek Mainland from going threat of the Persians, who by 5th century BC had conquered majority of the West Asian and were waging wars at the fringes of Greek Empire. Greek by large was following the Athenian model of Democracy and was in stark contrast to the kingship of the Persian Empire. Moreover, Slavery was a major part of the Greek way of life and Greece was the prime consumer in the slave trade while Persian Empire by the virtue of its religious practices had by far managed to be weary of slavery. Thus, if Persians had won these wars, there won’t be any Greeks waving the flags of Democracy to guide those who came after them but at the same time the menace of slavery would have had a huge set back.
9. Macedonia defeats Athens
Sparta and Athens were both part of the Greek Mainland but they differed in the whole ideology of their existences. Sparta was ruled by Laconions who weren’t native to Spartan peninsula while the Athenians had a democracy in place, which was direct in nature. And even though Athens faced a terrible blow in the Peloponnesian war they managed to sustain themselves until Macedonia finally rose to power and defeated Athens blowing over the concept of the Greek colonies and assimilating Greek cultures of not only Sparta and Athens but Corinth et al as well. Without the consolidation of the Greek states it would not have been feasible for Alexander to conquer east till the borders of India and open east to the ways of west.
8. Fall of the Western Roman Empire
Fall of the Western Roman Empire marks the end of a civilization which has been remembered and looked back upon as one of the greatest in our history. Romans manifested a culture and set benchmarks in the same to such standards in sculpture, strategy and architecture that till now they are looked up to formulate scenarios for our own time. From producing the likes of Cicero, Caesar and Pompeii to the halls of the Colosseum to forming the largest empire in the history of empires Rome will be remembered to a lot many things. The fall of the Western Roman Empire marked end of a monopoly on Mediterranean trade and beginning of urban tendencies in the tribes of the northern Europe. It marked the end of Pagan belief in the Western Theology and an ironic acceptance of Christianity which went on to become one of the most widespread religion in the world.
7. Fall of the Abbasid Caliphate
Since the Arabs moved out of the Arabian Peninsula and expanded their territories to beyond Egypt in the west and up to the fringes of Hindukush in the east, the most striking change that occurred happened with the rise of the Abbasids, from establishing the beautiful city of Baghdad to propagating Islam far beyond what it was at its inception, the Abbasids not only strengthened the hold of Islam in the Middle East but also acted as communicators between the east and the west, transporting the eastern philosophies to the west and vice versa. The destruction of Baghdad under one of the sons of Genghis Khan marked the peak of the Genghis Khan’s conquests. As Baghdad fell, the different schools of thought in Islam and the different Chieftains spread and carried with them the fragmented culture of the Abbasids.
6. The Bolshevik Revolution
The Bolshevik Revolution was an achievement which the world can never forget, for it gave rise to an alternate way of Governance. A way which was in a way an experiment which ultimately failed with the suppression of Human needs. Bolshevik Revolution marked a change in the way and the driving force behind the revolutions of the European spring. The bourgeois had no means and interest to do away the Dictatorship of the Czars thus for the first time the push came from the proletariat and went on to set a communist government with help of the Red Army and gave hopes to the alternate of a equality based nationalist state.
5. Hitler declared the Chancellor of Germany
Hitler’s rise to power is most probably the most tragic moment in modern history. The position of Germany with issues of corruption and a war being waged for reasons in disconnection with interests of the public during Hitler’s time provided a base for a fascist regime which turned into the most disgraceful period in our history. With mass mutilation and killings of the Jews, Hitler will always be remembered as a murder, no matter what the people on the other side of that debate say.
4. Establishment of East India Company
India as a colony provided ample resources to the British for financing all their war expenses, thus establishment of the East India Company in the long run paves way for a permanent pool of power and resource, both in men and kind, available to Britain. From sweeping off the Dutch off of the Indian coastal trade to establishing a system that funds the world war expenses of Britain in the years to come, East India Company was responsible for the British Administration’s interference and acquisition of resources in India. Moreover the Opium trade between India, China and rest of the world was in the hands of the East India Company.
3. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics dissolves
26 December 1991
With the flags of Democracy still waving high, America and the western Europe could never really digest the existence of a country as big as Russia turning communist and not opening its doors to the Freedom of a Capitalist society. Thus from that viewpoint, dissolution of USSR marks an end to almost all opposition to Capitalism on the globe. The debate as to why USSR shall go on for years, but as an experiment against the existing forms of government, primarily Democracy, USSR did present an alternative which to this day, although in a different form does benefit China.
2. Defeat of Germany by the Allied troops
Defeat of Germany and Nazi-Germany occupied areas of the Western Europe liberated many people of the torture and the fascism of Hitler as the world launched itself in the recovery process from the trauma of the ills and wrong doings that blatantly happened in Germany occupied areas during the World War II. A large number of people were rescued from the concentration camps and the dirty work of the Nazis was bare infront of the world to look upon and debate for the years to come as to who should really be blamed.
1. Nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
6th August 1945
Never was Science so much criticized and doubted as the supposed savior of Mankind and harbinger of a menace free world, than it was in the American bombings of Nuclear Weapons at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the terror that comes with the acknowledgement of power that most states now possess with Nuclear Technology being used in ways that are hardly human, started with this incident and still rings horror tales and stories across the world. The impact on the areas surrounding Hiroshima and Nagasaki has been massive and the mushroom cloud that has been captured in the so called iconic pictures of our times will always remind us of the evil we are capable of.